The original text was delivered to us as one large block without much organization.
This quote from the Journals of the Continental Congress, also conveys the meaning of well regulated: ResolvedThat this appointment be conferred on experienced and vigilant general officers, who are acquainted with whatever relates to the general economy, manoeuvres and discipline of a well regulated army.
In the passage that follows, do you think the U.
That the strength of the Wabash Indians who were principally the object of the resolve of the 21st of Julyand the strength of the Creek Indians is very different.
That the said Creeks are not only greatly superior in numbers but are more united, better regulated, and headed by a man whose talents appear to have fixed him in their confidence.
That from the view of the object your Secretary has been able to take he conceives that the only effectual mode of acting against the said Creeks in case they should persist in their hostilities would be by making an invasion of their country with a powerful body of well regulated troops always ready to combat and able to defeat any combination of force the said Creeks could oppose and to destroy their towns and provisions.
I am unacquainted with the extent of your works, and consequently ignorant of the number or men necessary to man them.
If your present numbers should be insufficient for that purpose, I would then by all means advise your making up the deficiency out of the best regulated militia that can be got. For brevity the entire passage is not shown and this quote should not be construed to imply Washington favored militias, in fact he thought little of them, as the full passage indicates.
I am convinced it would be Attended by considerable desertions. And perhaps raise a Spirit of Discontent not easily Queld amongst the best regulated troops, but much more so amongst men unused to the Yoak of Military Discipline.
Adam Stephen, Oct 8,pp. Documentary History of Dunmore's War,Wisconsin historical society, pub. One of the Seamen that had formerly made a Greenland Voyage for Whale-Fishing, told us that in that country he had seen very great Troops of those Sea-Horses ranging upon Land, sometimes three or four hundred in a Troop: That description fits most closely with the "to put in good order" definition supplied by the Random House dictionary.
The Oxford dictionary's definition also appears to fit if one considers discipline in a military context to include or imply well-trained. What about the Amendment's text itself?
Considering the adjective "well" and the context of the militia clause, which is more likely to ensure the security of a free state, a militia governed by numerous laws or the proper amount of regulation [depending on the meaning of "well"] or a well-disciplined and trained militia?
This brief textual analysis also suggests "to put in good order" is the correct interpretation of well regulated, signifying a well disciplined, trained, and functioning militia. And finally, when regulated is used as an adjective, its meaning varies depending on the noun its modifying and of course the context.
This is by no means unusual, just as the word, bear, conveys a different meaning depending on the word it modifies: Security of a Free State Most likely "security of a free State" is synonymous with "security of a free country," as opposed to security of one of the States of the Union against federal oppression see UCLA law professor Eugene Volokh's commentary.
The People As ample evidence illustrates below, the people, as referred to in the Constitution at the time it was written, was synonymous with citizens. Also shown below, some scholars mistakenly assume that when the Constitution refers to "the people," a collective right or entity is referenced.
However, that notion is incorrect.Secession summary: the secession of Southern States led to the establishment of the Confederacy and ultimately the Civil War. It was the most serious secession movement in the United States and was defeated when the Union armies defeated the Confederate armies in the Civil War, Liberty Library of Constitutional Classics.
The following is a list of the classic books and other works on constitutional government, which we either include in our collection, or plan to add. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.
He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows.
Return to Creating the United States Constitution List Next Section: Convention and Ratification The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, , but the states did not ratify them until March 1, The Articles.
The Constitution can be fixed, much more easily than the Articles of Confederation. This is also the rise of political parties, the Hamiltonians and Jeffersonian-Democrats. One favored almost broad interpretation of the Constitution the latter favored strict interpretation of the Constitution.
Articles of Confederation and not to write a new document, the Founding Fathers sent the proposed Constitution directly to the states for their consent. The approval of nine of the thirteen states was.