The Chinese writing system is non-alphabetic.
Latin-alphabet handwriting To understand the development of modern Western calligraphy it is important to survey historical writing styles—some of which profoundly influenced subsequent work—as well as how the materials of writing have been used.
Most calligraphy is done with pen and ink on paper or parchment, although brushes and chisels are also used for making large letters on various surfaces.
|From pictogram to letter||History of the Greek alphabet Greek alphabet on an ancient black figure vessel.|
|British Museum - Historic writing||May 23, 4: Featuring roughly 50 exhibits, the show will look at the connection between symbols and sounds, and the journey from hieroglyphs to the letters we use today, featuring examples from across the world.|
|“Lettering has become so ubiquitous”||In later dynasties, candidates at the civil service examinations were graded on their calligraphic skills as well as their responses to the questions. A calligrapher was expected to demonstrate strength of personality through the use of brush and ink.|
|Museum of Chinese Writing in Anyang of Henan Province||Historic writing The earliest form of writing The earliest writing we know of dates back to around 3, BC and was probably invented by the Sumerians, living in major cities with centralised economies in what is now southern Iraq.|
Later judgments about how the tip of a pen usually a quill or reed was cut, the angle at which it was held, and the formation of individual letters are conjectures based on the evidence of images of people writing, subsequent calligraphic practices, and the letters themselves.
Very few artifacts and no treatises on the practice of writing are known to have existed before the 15th century, although instructions and descriptions of quill cutting published in the 16th century probably reflect long-standing practices.
Ancient Roman styles Rustic capitals The Latin and vernacular handwriting of western Europe descends in a nearly unbroken line to the present day from the 1st century ad. The script used throughout the Roman Empire for books and occasionally for formal documents is known as rustic capitals.
The pen used to write this script was cut with a broad end and held so that its thickest strokes fell at an oblique, nearly perpendicular angle to the line of writing. As is the case for most formal alphabets, the pen was lifted from the writing surface to make the serifs and other strokes for each single letter.
The rustic alphabet consists only of capital, or majusculeletters, most of which are contained between a single pair of horizontal lines. The letters B, L, and F are sometimes taller than the other capitals to distinguish them from R, I, and E, which are similar in appearance.
Courtesy of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana This elaborate script, whose letter forms were used for inscriptions as well as manuscripts, is called rustic only by comparison with the magnificent square capitals typical of Roman imperial inscriptions.
Both styles existed simultaneously, but very few manuscripts written in square capitals survive from ancient times.
Square capitals, which require many more separate marks to make a single letter, are more often seen on inscriptions cut with a chisel that copied letters designed with a brush.
Brushes were also used for large writing such as that seen in the graffiti in Pompeii. Cursive capitals The business hand of the 1st century, used for correspondence and for most documents, private and official alike, is known as cursive capitals.
Here the pen, cut to a narrow point, was held at an oblique angle similar to that used for rustic capitals, but the pen was lifted less often and the writing was faster. This cursive handling led to new and simpler letter forms such as two strokes for D three strokes and two strokes for E four strokes.
Some of these new forms are in effect minuscule, in that parts of them ascend or descend beyond a pair of lines that define the height of letters such as n or x e. Cursive capitals were also sometimes joined to following letters, further reducing the number of times the pen was lifted during the writing.
This Roman style is hardly considered a calligraphic script, but it demonstrates how a formal alphabet was modified through rapid writing. Cursive capitals, contract for sale of a slave, ad ; in the British Museum, London Pap.
Courtesy of the trustees of the British Museum From the 2nd to the early 4th century, parchment was replacing papyrus as the standard writing material for books, and the codex was replacing the roll as their standard form. The evidence that survives from this period, during which biblical and other Christian literature was beginning to be copied extensively, is fragmentary, and its interpretation is still controversial.To appreciate the difficulty of writing in a new alphabet or script.
The origins of writing are largely unclear. Writing British Museum - history of writing, decipherment, literacy: s Ancient Mesopotamia writing- history with time.
Writing. The Chinese use a very different writing system to English. English words are made up of a collection of letters that each has its own sound. The Chinese use logograms - where a symbol represents a meaning or a word. During its 3,year history cuneiform was used to write around 15 different languages including Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Elamite, Hittite, Urartian and Old Persian.
While cuneiform was spreading throughout the Middle East, writing systems . Five basic scripts are regularly used in Chinese calligraphy; three are formal and two are informal. These might be compared to modern Western handwriting, in which there are two basic scripts: printing (formal) and cursive (informal).
The Ancient British Alphabet. The tracing of the ancient British Origins can be accomplished with great certainty and the tool or weapon that allows us to trace our ancestral roots is the ancient British Alphabet and Language.
Alphabet in Ancient China The gold coins had chinese writing on them. G is for Gold The Nian monster is a monster that come on chinese new years. The legend said that it would eat people and animal so people had to .