There are also many types of physical SEN including conditions such as Cerebral palsy which affects the unconscious ability to contract or relax muscle NHS Choices. The two SEN I have decided to focus on are Dyslexia as well as children who are gifted and talented as I they are very prominent in schools as well as being an area of personal interest to me.
Theoretical approaches are an understandably integral part of the therapeutic process. But with so many different methods out there, how do you know which counseling approach works best for you?
These theories are integrated throughout the curriculum of Counseling Northwestern and are built into a foundation grounded in the psychodynamic perspective.
Counseling Northwestern uses this theory to train counselors, and it is embedded throughout the counselor training process.
The belief is that by revealing and bringing these issues to the surface, treatment and healing can occur. Behavioral Theory Behavioral theory is based on the belief that behavior is learned. Pavlov executed a famous study using dogs, which focused on the effects of a learned response e.
Skinner developed another behavioral therapy approach, called operant conditioning. He believed in the power of rewards to increase the likelihood of a behavior and punishments to decrease the occurrence of a behavior. Behavioral therapists work on changing unwanted and destructive behaviors through behavior modification techniques such as positive or negative reinforcement.
Cognitive Theory In the s, psychotherapist Aaron Beck developed cognitive theory. Unlike psychodynamic theory, therapy based on cognitive theory is brief in nature and oriented toward problem solving. Cognitive and behavioral therapy are often combined as one form of theory practiced by counselors and therapists.
Humanistic Approach Humanistic therapists care most about the present and helping their clients achieve their highest potential. Humanistic theories include client-centered, gestalt, and existential therapies.
Carl Rogers developed client-centered therapy, which focuses on the belief that clients control their own destinies. He believed that all therapists need to do is show their genuine care and interest.
Existential therapists help clients find meaning in their lives by focusing on free will, self-determination, and responsibility. In addition to traditional talk therapy, holistic therapy may include nontraditional therapies such as hypnotherapy or guided imagery.
The key is to use the techniques and psychotherapy tools best suited for a particular client and problem. There are various therapies that counselors can choose to study, but the type of theory matters less than the success of the relationship between client and therapist.
Understanding alcohol use disorders and their treatment. For many people, drinking alcohol is nothing more than a pleasant way to relax. People with alcohol use disorders, however, drink to excess, endangering both themselves and others. Using one or more of several types of psychological therapies, psychologists can help people address. Objectives. This investigation examined how Goal Contents Theory, Organismic Integration Theory, and Basic Psychological Needs Theory collectively explain well-being and behavioral outcomes related to physical activity over 6 months. Psychological resilience is the ability to successfully cope with a crisis and to return to pre-crisis status quickly. Resilience exists when the person uses "mental processes and behaviors in promoting personal assets and protecting self from the potential negative effects of stressors". In simpler terms, psychological resilience exists in people who develop psychological and behavioral.
In the Counseling Northwestern online Master of Arts in Counseling Program, students are prepared to become self-reflective practitioners and learn to examine the factors that influence the client-therapist relationship to become successful counselors.The Benefits of Being Present: Mindfulness and Its Role in Psychological Well-Being Kirk Warren Brown and Richard M.
Ryan University of Rochester. The Psychological Contract The theory of psychological contracts in organizational employment - and wider 'psychological contracting' in relationships, communications and societies - and the psychological contract 'iceberg' diagram 'The Psychological Contract' is an increasingly relevant aspect of workplace relationships and wider human behaviour.
A Theory-Theory in general is thus a proposal to explain a certain psychological capacity in terms of a tacit or explicit internally represented theory of a domain. The Theory-Theory of concepts, however, goes beyond the mere claim that we possess such theories, saying in addition that some or all of our concepts are constituted by their.
Psychological Theories of Crime When examining psychological theories of crime, one must be cognizant of the three major theories.
The first is psychodynamic theory, which is centered on the notion that an individual’s early childhood experience influences his . Objectives. This investigation examined how Goal Contents Theory, Organismic Integration Theory, and Basic Psychological Needs Theory collectively explain well-being and behavioral outcomes related to physical activity over 6 months.
Psychological resilience is the ability to successfully cope with a crisis and to return to pre-crisis status quickly. Resilience exists when the person uses "mental processes and behaviors in promoting personal assets and protecting self from the potential negative effects of stressors".
In simpler terms, psychological resilience exists in people who develop psychological and behavioral.