Ethics[ edit ] Immanuel Kant introduced the categorical imperative: Sittlichkeit Ethics also known as moral philosophy is the branch of philosophy which addresses questions of morality. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
When people approach a religious text or any large book from which they intend to derive ethical teachings, nearly without exception the person will pick up the book and pay very particular attention to all the morals they already agree with.
The philosopher George Smith says that " Christian theologians have a strong tendency to read their own moral convictions into the ethics of Jesus. Jesus is made Morality and person say what theologians think he should have said" 5.
A homophobe will pick up the Christian Bible and realise that homosexuality is an evil sin.
A misogynist will pick up the Bible or Qur'an and realise that after all this time he's right: Women are inferior, and he can quote the Bible or Qur'an to prove it. A fluffy liberal will read it and find all the hippy love-thy-neighbour bits and therefore will be able to prove that all those homophobes and misogynists have it wrong.
In arguing against extremism, Neil J. Kressel 6 points out that "everyone picks and chooses, at least a little.
Long texts that dance with moral issues suffer from the problem that some morals in one place step on the toes of other morals in other parts.
The debates over which verses have precedence over others is a major symptom of this issue. In addition because of the volume of text and its frequent obscurity and complexity, there is plenty of scope for the imagination, and for personal bias, to find a way to interpret lines in a way that beat to the drum of the reader.
Because of the kaleidoscope of different plotlines and levels of possible interpretation, one's subconscious and imagination is given accidental freedom to invent all kinds of morals.
There is not a single moral "absolute" in the Bible that I cannot find a contradiction for in the very same book. For example, it is said by Bible believers that "do not steal" is an absolute moral found in the Bible, yet in the Bible we also find text where, under direct orders from God, people have stolen.
There are serious and multifaceted contradictions between the OT and NT - some choose to get around this simply by ignoring Old Testament morals because they say they were overriden by the New Testament - but continue to use the bits that they like 8. Prof Dawkins does a good job of explaining why such disparaties can exist all within one book:: This may explain some of the sheer strangeness of the Bible.
But unfortunately it is this same weird volume that religious zealots hold up to us as the inerrant source of our morals and rules for living.
Most stories in holy books are about personalities - tales about what people are said to have done what. Most of them also involve war and cultural struggles between different peoples, and are often written from within one particular geographical area.
It is possible to read these stories and take out of them a wide range of morals, and therefore, to think that these indirect lessons have divine mandate.
The same occurs with all long texts. Take Tolkien's Lord of the Rings - it is very much like the Bible in styleand it is clear to see that you could spend your entire life analyzing it for morals.
Many people who undertook such a task would come to different conclusions, just as with Holy Books. The simple fact remains that the parts of the text that say "Here follows a moral rule, to be obeyed by all people for all time" are very infrequent indeed.
The Qur'an is much more frank than the Bible, but is still mostly about the retelling of events. The people in the book all have their own aims, which are relevant to the topic of the book and the life circumstances of that person. Most people's actions are simply not centered around any wish to provide universal instruction on behaviour - it's all about their problems at that time.
Using characters from within this book we would find many seemingly contradictory morals.Gambling or "gaming" for stakes is becoming increasingly popular. A person can bet by lottery, casino, poker, slot machines, raffles, office pools, sports wagers, or online betting.
Moral reasoning, also known as moral development, is a study in psychology that overlaps with moral initiativeblog.comen can make moral decisions about what is right and wrong from a young age; this makes morality fundamental to the human condition. Welcome to initiativeblog.com, where you can learn about your own morality, ethics, and/or values, while also contributing to scientific research.
We are a group of professors and graduate students in social psychology at the University of Virginia, The University of California (Irvine), and the University of Southern California. Immanuel Kant (–) argued that the supreme principle of morality is a standard of rationality that he dubbed the “Categorical Imperative” (CI).
Conformance to a recognized code, doctrine, or system of rules of what is right or wrong and to behave accordingly. No system of morality is accepted as universal, and the answers to the question "What is morality?" differ sharply from place to place, group to group, and time to time.
For some it means conscious and deliberate effort in guiding one's conduct by reason based on fairness and. esoteric knowledge of spiritual truth held by the ancient Gnostics to be essential to salvation.