The ramanaya

After Rama is banished from his position as heir to the kingdom through a palace intrigue, he retreats to the forest with his wife and his favourite half brother, Lakshmana, to spend 14 years in exile. There Ravanathe demon-king of Lanka, carries off Sita to his capital while her two protectors are busy pursuing a golden deer sent to the forest to mislead them. Rama slays Ravana and rescues Sita, who undergoes an ordeal by fire in order to clear herself of suspicions of infidelity.

The ramanaya

The word "Aliya" means "son-in-law" in the Kannada language. Along with another brother Venkatadri, the Aravidu brothers rose to prominence during the rule of Krishna Deva Raya. Rama Raya was a successful army general, able administerator, and tactful diplomat who conducted many victorious campaigns during the rule of Krishnadevaraya.

After the demise of his illustrious father-in-law, as a member of the family, Rama Raya, began to wield great influence over the affairs of the The ramanaya. Krishna Deva Raya was succeeded in by his younger brother Achyuta Deva Rayaupon whose demise inthe throne devolved upon his nephew Sadashiva Rayathen a minor.

Rama Raya appointed himself regent during the minority of Sadashiva Raya. After Sadashiva Raya came of age to rule, Rama Raya kept him a virtual prisoner. During this time he became virtual ruler, having confined Sadashiva Raya. Rama Raya removed many loyal servants of the kingdom and replaced them with officers who were loyal to him.

The ramanaya

He also appointed two Muslim commanders, the Gilani brothers who were earlier in the service of the Sultan Adil Shah as commanders in his army, a mistake that would cost the empire the final Battle of Talikota.

Rama Raya lacked royal blood of his own and to legitimize his rule he claimed vicarious connection with two of the most powerful Empires of medieval India, the Western Chalukya Empire and the Chola empire.

He also suppressed revolts of the chieftains of Travancore and Chandragiri. Some scholars have criticised Rama Raya for interfering in the affairs of the Sultans too much, but scholars like Dr. Desai have ably defended his political affairs, indicating that Rama Raya did whatever he could to increase the prestige and importance of the Vijayanagar empire, ensuring no single Sultanate would rise above the others in power, hence preventing a difficult situation for Vijayanagar empire.

In fact Rama Raya had interfered in Sultanate affairs only upon the insistence of one Sultan or the other, just the way the Sultans had acted as parelys between Rama Raya and Achyuta Raya in earlier years. Later in when the Adilshah of Bijapur and Baridshah of Bidar declared war on Nizamshah of Ahmednagar, Ramaraya fought on behalf of the Ahamednagar ruler and secured the fort of Kalyana.

The combined armies of the three kingdoms defeated the partnership between Nizamshah of Ahmednagar and the Qutbshah of Golconda.

Intermarriage between Sultanate families helped resolve internal differences between Muslim rulers.

Aliya Rama Raya - Wikipedia

The Battle of Talikota resulted from this consolidation of Muslim power in the northern Deccan. Battle of Talikota[ edit ] Main article: Init was Rama Raya, as the pre-eminent general of the Vijayanagar army, who led the defense against the invading army of Deccan Sultans i. This battle, which had seemed an easy victory for the large Vijayanagar army, instead became a disaster following the surprise capture and death of Aliya Rama Raya who led the army, a blow from which it never recovered.

The city of Vijayanagara was thoroughly sacked by the invaders and the inhabitants were massacred. The royal family was largely exterminated. Vijayanagaraonce a city of fabled splendour, the seat of a vast empire, became a desolate ruin, [2] now known by the name of a sacred inner suburb within it, Hampi.

His severed head was on display at Ahmednagar at the anniversary of the battle of Talikota and would be covered in oil and red pigment by the descendant of his executioner. He carried the major portion of the wealth of the Empire along with the puppet king Sadashiva Raya to Penugonda and tried to re-establish order in the empire.

Later he shifted his capital to Chandragiri. With the massacre of nearly all other prominent members of the royal family, and given the prestige that Rama Raya had long enjoyed at court and among the nobility, it soon came to pass that his family inherited by default the position held hitherto by the royal family.

Thus was the "Aravidu" dynasty of emperors born. The position of emperor however was an empty one, as the Vijayanagara Empire had de facto ceased to exist. The major feudatories of Vijayanagarasuch as Mysore and MaduraiKeladi Nayakasoon began to exert their independence in the period of anarchy that followed the rout ofwhile various Muslim adventurers carved out their own fiefs under the nominal suzerainty of the Muslim overlords, being at first the Bahmani Sultans and later the Mughals.

Background

While the later Aravidu dynasty rulers never actually wielded power over the erstwhile empire, they nevertheless enjoyed immense prestige in the land, and often received homage from the great satraps of the empire.The Ramayana is one of the longest epic poems in Hinduism, with more than 24, verses.

Although its precise origins are unclear, the poet Valmiki is generally credited with writing the Ramayana in the 5th century B.C. The text is considered one of India's two major ancient epics, the other being.

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Ramayana - Wikipedia

Listen to official albums & more. The Ramayana is the epic tale of Shri Rama, which teaches about ideology, devotion, duty, dharma and karma. The word 'Ramayana', literally means "the march (ayana) of Rama" in search of human values.

The Ramayana is undoubtedly the most popular and timeless Indian epic, read and loved by all. The term Ramayana literally means "the march (ayana) of Rama" in search of human values. The story is the narration of the struggle of Prince Rama to rescue wife Sita from the demon king, Ravana.

The Ramayana is an ancient Sanskrit epic which follows Prince Rama's quest to rescue his beloved wife Sita from the clutches of Ravana with the help of an army of monkeys. It is traditionally attributed to the authorship of the sage Valmiki and dated to around BCE to BCE.

Comprising 24, The Ramayana Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for The Ramayana is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.

Ramayana | Indian epic | initiativeblog.com