This is to be expected, as no one leadership style or theory can work in isolation, and no leader can align with one style to utilize in all situations. What is Servant Leadership? Servant leadership has become a common term among educational and business leaders over the past decade. The term, however, was first created in Robert K.
Introduction To many, leaders are not born, but made. It is increasingly accepted, however, that in order to be a good leader, one must have the experience, knowledge, commitment, patience, and most importantly the skill to negotiate and work with others to achieve goals.
Good leaders are thus made, not born.
He stated that the basis of a good leadership is strong character and selfless devotion to an organization Jenkins, From the perspective of employees, leadership is comprised of everything a leader does that affects the achievement of objectives and the well-being of employees and the organization Abbasialiya, Leadership involves a type of responsibility aimed at achieving particular ends by applying the available resources human and material and ensuring a cohesive and coherent organization in the process Ololube, Northouse and Rowe described leadership as a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.
This article contends that effective leadership is crucial to the proper operation and very survival of a non-profit organization. Leadership is arguably one of the most observed, yet least understood phenomena on earth Burns, in Abbasialiya, Over time, researchers have proposed many different styles of leadership as there is no particular style of leadership that can be considered universal.
Despite the many diverse styles of leadership, a good or effective leader inspires, motivates, and directs activities to help achieve group or organizational goals. Conversely, an ineffective leader does not contribute to organizational progress and can, in fact, detract from organizational goal accomplishment.
According to Nayloreffective leadership is a product of the heart and an effective leader must be visionary, passionate, creative, flexible, inspiring, innovative, courageous, imaginative, experimental, and initiates change see figure 1.
Qualities of the leader and the manager This study was enthused by the premise that no nation grows further than the quality of its educational leaders and or educational managers. In this theoretical debate, the authors presented a moderately detail analysis of a theoretical research conducted on the need for African countries especially Nigeria to reform.
This debate focus not simply on what educational leadership is, but the impact it has on school management, teachers and students and the part it plays in meeting the challenges facing education institutions. The overall purpose of this theoretical debate is to examine the wider context in which leadership is made on effectiveness and improved school management.
Theories of Leadership There are as many different views of leadership as there are characteristic that distinguish leaders from non-leaders.
In the more dominant theories of leadership, there exists the notion that, at least to some degree, leadership is a process that involves influence with a group of people toward the realization of goals Wolinski, Charrynoting that scholarly interest in leadership increased significantly during the early part of the twentieth century, identified eight major leadership theories.
While the earlier of these focused on the qualities that distinguish leaders from followers, later theories looked at other variables including situational factors and skill levels.
These theories often portray leaders as heroic, mythic and destined to rise to leadership when needed.
In addition to servant leadership, there are a few current leadership theories that have either evolved from or are closely aligned with servant leadership. Authentic Leadership Closely aligned with servant leadership is authentic leadership. A review of the leadership literature reveals an evolving series of 'schools of thought' from “Great Man” and “Trait” theories to “Transformational” leadership (see table). Whilst early theories tend to focus. Leadership theory and educational outcomes: The case of distributed and transformational leadership overview of research on the effects of two contemporary leadership theories (distributed leadership and transformational leadership) on educational outcomes. The schools and acknowledges that there may be “highly influential .
The term great man was used because, at the time, leadership was thought of primarily as a male quality, especially military leadership See also, Ololube, Trait Theory Similar in some ways to great man theories, the trait theory assumes that people inherit certain qualities or traits make them better suited to leadership.
Trait theories often identify particular personality or behavioural characteristics that are shared by leaders. Many have begun to ask of this theory, however, if particular traits are key features of leaders and leadership, how do we explain people who possess those qualities but are not leaders?A review of the leadership literature reveals an evolving series of 'schools of thought' from “Great Man” and “Trait” theories to “Transformational” leadership (see table).
Whilst early theories tend to focus. Behavioural Theories ('s - 's) In reaction to the trait leadership theory, the behavioural theories are offering a new perspective, one that focuses on the behaviours of the leaders as opposed to their mental, physical or social characteristics.
Literature review about Leadership consists of a number of leadership theories, styles and approaches. The most of these theories on school leadership have focused on individual capabilities.
Recently this believes are challenged because of organizational changes and reform in our educational system. A review of the leadership literature reveals an evolving series of 'schools of thought' from “Great Man” and “Trait” theories to “Transformational” leadership (see table).
Whilst early theories tend to focus.
This is followed by an examination of the theories of leadership, principles and styles of leadership. Each section ends with an identification of contemporary issues and possible means of amelioration. This article concludes that success is certain if the application of the leadership styles, principles and methods is properly and fully.
I am pleased that Matthew Lynch has published “A Guide to Effective School Leadership Theories,” an important explanation of theory and practice for those engaged in school administration. This is an elegant book, well researched and written, that offers a bridge between theoretical analysis and Reviews: 7.